铅暴露对人体健康风险评价的模型综述

张园, 耿春女, 蔡超. 铅暴露对人体健康风险评价的模型综述[J]. 环境化学, 2013, 32(6): 943-951. doi: 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2013.06.004
引用本文: 张园, 耿春女, 蔡超. 铅暴露对人体健康风险评价的模型综述[J]. 环境化学, 2013, 32(6): 943-951. doi: 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2013.06.004
ZHANG Yuan, GENG Chunnu, CAI Chao. Review on models for lead exposure on human health risk assessment[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2013, 32(6): 943-951. doi: 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2013.06.004
Citation: ZHANG Yuan, GENG Chunnu, CAI Chao. Review on models for lead exposure on human health risk assessment[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2013, 32(6): 943-951. doi: 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2013.06.004

铅暴露对人体健康风险评价的模型综述

  • 基金项目:

    重金属污染场地诊断评价与修复支撑技术研究(201109052) 资助.

Review on models for lead exposure on human health risk assessment

  • 摘要: 铅是一种在暴露环境下,可以通过手口途径或者皮肤接触而进入人体,从而对人体许多组织器官都产生毒性作用的重金属,其对儿童的危害尤为突出.我国对暴露在铅环境下人体健康的风险评价研究起步较晚,基于血铅指标的铅污染土壤风险评估方法导则仍在探讨建立中.而国外已经存在一些较为成熟的用于成人及儿童的铅暴露吸收和生物动力学模型,其中被广泛接受和使用的是成人血铅模型(ALM)以及儿童在铅中的综合暴露吸收生物动力学模型(IEUBK).前者描述了关于非居住区土壤中铅暴露物对成人风险的评估,且重点针对污染土壤的铅暴露物所导致的孕妇体内胎儿的血铅浓度进行评估;后者则重点预测6-84个月的儿童在铅的综合暴露下的健康风险.本文旨在通过对这些模型进行对比总结,从而提出可用于我国铅污染风险评估的理论依据及指导方法.
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    [7] 洪春来, 王卫平, 孙慧锋,等. 土壤铅污染及其生物有效性评价研究进展[J]. 资源与环境科学, 2010, 12, 245-247
    [8] Schiewers,Voleskyb.Modeling multietal ion exchange in biosorption [J].Environ Sci Technol,1996,30(10):2921
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    [10] 黄忠臣,王崇臣,王鹏,等. 北京地区部分公路两侧土壤中铅和镉的污染现状与评价[J]. 环境化学,27(2):267-368
    [11] Wagner R H.Environment and Man[M]. New York: W W Norton & Company, 1971: 251-255
    [12] 刘海霞. 食品中铅污染的途径及预防[J]. 食品与健康, 2009, 08:09
    [13] 沈晓明, 郭迪, 昊圣榍. 96'关于国内儿童血铅中毒现状的报[R], 1996.
    [14] U.S. EPA. Technical Support Document: Parameters and equations used in the integrated exposure uptake biokinetic model for lead in children (v.0.99d)[R]. Office of Emergency and Remedial Response, Washington, D.C. EPA/540/R-94/040, 1994, PB94-963505
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  • 收稿日期:  2012-09-14

铅暴露对人体健康风险评价的模型综述

  • 1.  苏州科技学院环境科学与工程学院, 苏州, 215009;
  • 2.  中国科学院城市环境研究所, 厦门, 361021
基金项目:  重金属污染场地诊断评价与修复支撑技术研究(201109052) 资助.

摘要: 铅是一种在暴露环境下,可以通过手口途径或者皮肤接触而进入人体,从而对人体许多组织器官都产生毒性作用的重金属,其对儿童的危害尤为突出.我国对暴露在铅环境下人体健康的风险评价研究起步较晚,基于血铅指标的铅污染土壤风险评估方法导则仍在探讨建立中.而国外已经存在一些较为成熟的用于成人及儿童的铅暴露吸收和生物动力学模型,其中被广泛接受和使用的是成人血铅模型(ALM)以及儿童在铅中的综合暴露吸收生物动力学模型(IEUBK).前者描述了关于非居住区土壤中铅暴露物对成人风险的评估,且重点针对污染土壤的铅暴露物所导致的孕妇体内胎儿的血铅浓度进行评估;后者则重点预测6-84个月的儿童在铅的综合暴露下的健康风险.本文旨在通过对这些模型进行对比总结,从而提出可用于我国铅污染风险评估的理论依据及指导方法.

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