引用本文:
储昭霞, 王兴明, 涂俊芳, 胡云虎, 汪丽娟, 吴煜. 重金属(Cd、Cu、Zn和Pb)在淮南塌陷塘鲫鱼体内的分布特征及健康风险[J]. 环境化学, 2014, 32(9): 1433-1438
CHU Zhaoxia, WANG Xingming, TU Junfang, HU Yunhu, WANG Lijuan, WU Yu. Distribution and health risk of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Zn and Pb) in Crucian carp (Carassius auratus Gibelio) collected from subsidence pools in Huainan coal field[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2014, 32(9): 1433-1438

DOI: 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2014.09.017
重金属(Cd、Cu、Zn和Pb)在淮南塌陷塘鲫鱼体内的分布特征及健康风险
储昭霞1, 王兴明2, 涂俊芳1, 胡云虎3, 汪丽娟1, 吴煜1
1. 淮南师范学院生命科学系, 淮南, 232038;
2. 安徽理工大学地球与环境学院, 淮南, 232001;
3. 淮南师范学院化学与化工系, 淮南, 232038
摘要:
从淮南煤矿区塌陷塘采集鲫鱼样品,分析重金属元素(Cd、Cu、Zn和Pb)在鲫鱼体内的富集特征,结果发现,Cd、Cu、Zn和Pb在塌陷区鲫鱼(Carassius auratus Gibelio)肌肉中含量均低于《无公害食品水产品中有毒有害物质限量》(NY5073—2006)、食品中污染物限量(GB2762—2005)和FAO/WHO 标准.重金属元素在鲫鱼体内的富集器官主要为内脏和鳃,Cd和Pb主要富集在内脏,Zn主要富集在鱼鳃,Cu的富集器官随着地域变化(对照为鳃,塌陷区为内脏).目标危险系数(THQ)分析发现Cu导致的健康风险较高,Cd最低,单一重金属THQ值和复合重金属的TTHQ值均小于1,说明研究区域内的鱼肉均不产生对人体危害的健康风险.
关键词:    重金属    塌陷塘    鲫鱼    健康风险   
Distribution and health risk of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Zn and Pb) in Crucian carp (Carassius auratus Gibelio) collected from subsidence pools in Huainan coal field
CHU Zhaoxia1, WANG Xingming2, TU Junfang1, HU Yunhu3, WANG Lijuan1, WU Yu1
1. Department of Life Science, Huainan Normal University, Huainan, 232038, China;
2. School of Earth and Environment, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan, 232001, China;
3. Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huainan Normal University, Huainan, 232038, China
Abstract:
Distribution and health risk of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Zn and Pb) in Crucian carp (Carassius auratus Gibelio) sampled from pools in coal gob area could provide information for the management and utilization of the subsidence pools. The Cd, Cu, Zn and Pb contents in the fish were analyzed by ICP-OES and health risk was assessed based on the target hazard quotient (THQ) proposed by USEPA. Results indicated that concentrations of Cd, Cu, Zn and Pb in muscle of fish were below the standard values in the National Limited Quantity of Poisonous and Harmful Contents of the National Pollution-Free Aquatic Products (NY 5073—2006), Limited Quantity of Contaminants in Foods (GB 2762—2005) and FAO/WHO. Viscera and gill were the target organs for heavy metal accumulation. Cd and Pb mainly accumulated in viscera, and Zn mainly in gill. Cu mainly enriched in gill in the reference area while in viscera in the subsidence pools. Based on THQ analysis, Cu posed much higher health risk, and Cd showed the least risk. The THQ values of single and combined heavy metals were less than 1, and the health risk of fish muscle was at an acceptable level in the study area.
Key words:    heavy metal    subsidence pool    crucian carp    health risk   
收稿日期: 2013-12-22
基金项目: 安徽省省级自然科学研究项目(KJ2009B063Z);淮南市2014年科技计划项目;2013年安徽理工大学博士科研启动金项目资助.
储昭霞,E-mail:zxchu198235@163.com
相关功能
PDF(894KB) Free
打印本文
加入收藏夹
把本文推荐给朋友
作者相关文章
储昭霞  在本刊中的所有文章
王兴明  在本刊中的所有文章
涂俊芳  在本刊中的所有文章
胡云虎  在本刊中的所有文章
汪丽娟  在本刊中的所有文章
吴煜  在本刊中的所有文章

参考文献:
[1] Alm M G M, Tanak A, Allinson G, et al. A comparison of trace element concentrations in cultured and wild carp Cyprinus carpio of Lake Kasumigaura, Japan[J]. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 2002, 53: 348-354
[2] Mansour S A, Sidky M M. Ecotoxicological studies. 3. Heavy metals contaminating water and fish from Fayoum Governorate, Egypt[J]. Food chemistry, 2002, 78: 15-22
[3] 徐良骥, 严家平, 高永梅. 煤矿塌陷水域水环境现状分析及综合利用——以淮南矿区潘一煤矿塌陷水域为例[J]. 煤炭学报, 2009, 34(7):933-937
[4] 孙清斌, 尹春芹, 邓金峰, 等. 大冶矿区土壤-蔬菜重金属污染特征及健康风险评价[J]. 环境化学, 2013, 32(4):671-677
[5] Yao E Q, Gui H R. Four trace elements contents of water environment of mining subsidence in the Huainan diggings China[J]. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2008, 146: 203-210
[6] 夏泽慧, 王兴明, 楼巧婷, 等. 合肥市场 6 种淡水鱼体内Cu、Pb和Cd的分布及食用风险[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(3):311-315.
[7] US EPA. Risk-based concentration table[S]. Philadelphia PA: United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington DC, 2000
[8] Wang X L, Sato T, Xing B S, et al. Health risks of heavy metals to the general public in Tianjin, China via consumption of vegetables and fish[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2005, 350: 28-37
[9] 臧素娟, 申义珍, 魏林阳, 等. 鱼中铅镉汞和砷的测定[J]. 光谱实验室, 2005, 22(5):973-975
[10] 郑娜, 王起超, 郑冬梅. 基于THQ的锌冶炼厂周围人群食用蔬菜的健康风险分析[J]. 环境科学学报, 2007, 27(4):672 -678
[11] 余杨, 王雨春, 周怀东, 等. 三峡水库蓄水初期鲤鱼重金属富集特征及健康风险评价[J]. 环境科学学报, 2013, 33(7):2012-2019
[12] 中华人民共和国农业部. NY 5073—2006 无公害食品水产品中有毒有害物质限量[S]. 北京:中国农业出版社, 2001
[13] 中华人民共和国卫生部. GB2762—2005 食品中污染物卫生限量标准[S]. 北京:中国标准出版社, 2005
[14] FAO/WHO. Evaluation of certain food additives and the contaminants mercury lead and cadmium[S]. WHO Technical Report Series, No. 505, 1989
[15] 陈红红, 毋福海, 黄丽玫, 等. 广州市场食用鱼中5种重金属含量分析及评价[J]. 中国卫生检验杂志, 2008, 18 (12):2736-2738
[16] 祝惠, 阎百兴, 张凤英. 松花江鱼体中重金属的富集及污染评价[J]. 生态与农村环境学报, 2010, 26(5):492-796
[17] 徐华伟, 唐宇, 黄琼, 等. 沱江内江段鲫鱼和鲤鱼体内重金属分布规律[J]. 内江师范学院学报, 2008, 23(4):99-100
[18] 乔胜英, 蒋敬业, 向武, 等. 武汉市湖泊中重金属污染状况[J]. 水资源保护, 2007, 23(1):45-48
[19] 谢文平, 陈昆慈, 朱新平, 等. 珠江三角洲河网区水体及鱼体内重金属含量分析与评价[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2010, 29(10):1917-1923
[20] 尚晓迪, 何志强. 重金属在鱼体内积累作用的研究进展[J]. 河北渔业, 2009, 5:44-45
[21] Canli M, Atli G. The relationships between heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) levels and the size of six mediterranean fish species[J]. Environment Pollution, 2003, 12(11): 129-136
[22] Boudou A, Ribeyre F. Fish as "biological model" for experimental studies in ecotoxicology//Boudou A, Riibeyre F (Ed.), aquatic ecotoxicology fundamental concepts and methodologies (Vol Ⅱ)[M]. Florida: CRC Press, 1989, 127-162
[23] Karadede H, Vnlü E. Concentrations of some heavy metals in water sediment and fish species from the Atatürk Dam Lake Euphrates, Turkey[J]. Chemosphere, 2000, 41: 1371-1376
[24] 罗国钧. 鲫鱼体内重金属的分布和积累规律研究[J]. 渝州大学学报(自然科学版), 2000, 17(1):56-61
[25] 方展强, 杨丽华. 重金属在鲫幼鱼组织中的积累与分布[J]. 水利渔业, 2004, 24(6):23-27
[26] Papagiannis I, Kagalou I, Leonardos J, et al. Copper and zinc in four fresh-water fish species from lake Pamvotis (Greece)[J]. Environment International, 2004, 30: 357-362
[27] Rao L M, Padmaja G. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in M. cyprinoids from the harbor waters of Visakhapatnam[J]. Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences, 2000, 192: 77-85
[28] 郭建东, 祝茜, 于静涛, 等. 威海海域文昌鱼的重金属含量[J]. 海洋环境科学, 2007, 26(2):121-125
[29] Angeli J L F, Trevizani T H, Ribeiro A, et al. Arsenic and other trace elements in two catfish species from Paranaguá Estuarine Complex, Paraná, Brazil[J]. Environment Monitoring and Assessment, 2013, 185: 8333-8342
[30] Barbour E K, Shalb H A, Yaghi R H, et al. Regression of the level of different heavy metals to size of marine organisms harvested from the "Jiyeh" oil spill zone of the eastern Mediterranean Sea[J]. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 2009, 82: 219-222
[31] Anan Y, Tanabe S, Mitrofanov I, et al. Trace element accumulation in fishes collected from coast-al waters of the Caspian Sea[J]. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2005, 51: 882-888
[32] Luoma S N, Rainbow P S. Why is metal bioaccumulation so variable? Biodynamics as a unifying concept[J]. Environmental Science and Technology, 2005, 39(7): 1921-1931
[33] Zhang L, Wang W X. Size dependence of the potential for metal biomagnifications in early life stages of marine fish[J]. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 2007, 26(4): 787-794
相关文献:
1.杨刚, 李燕, 巫林, 谢丽苹, 伍钧.成都平原表层水稻土重金属污染健康风险分析[J]. 环境化学, 2014,33(2): 269-275
2.杨阳, 许策, 程高峰, 朱琳, 刘文菊, 赵全利.保定市区生活饮用水中重金属污染物健康风险初步评价[J]. 环境化学, 2014,33(2): 292-297
3.周骁腾, 卢恒, 李耿, 刘金欣, 魏英勤, 孟繁蕴, 郭敬华, 王水锋.川产道地药材川芎重金属富集能力及健康风险分析[J]. 环境化学, 2014,33(4): 562-567
4.李永霞, 黄莹, 王宁, 杨健, 徐民民, 孙博, 高甫威.山东省某城市近郊生活垃圾堆场重金属污染特征与健康风险评价[J]. 环境化学, 2014,32(9): 1476-1483
5.贾军梅, 罗维, 吕永龙.太湖鲫鱼和鲤鱼体内微囊藻毒素的累积及健康风险[J]. 环境化学, 2014,33(2): 186-193
6.杨彦, 于云江, 魏伟伟, 李定龙, 杨洁.常州市浅层地下水重金属污染对城区、城郊居民健康风险评价[J]. 环境化学, 2013,32(2): 202-211
7.刘妍, 甘国娟, 朱晓龙, 周吉利, 彭佩钦, 廖柏寒.湘中某工矿区农户菜园重金属污染分析与健康风险评价[J]. 环境化学, 2013,32(9): 1737-1742
8.孙清斌, 尹春芹, 邓金锋, 张丹锋.大冶矿区土壤-蔬菜重金属污染特征及健康风险评价[J]. 环境化学, 2013,32(4): 671-677
9.刘凤, 李梅, 张荣飞, 崔益斌.拉萨河流域重金属污染及健康风险评价 [J]. 环境化学, 2012,31(5): 580-585
10.胡英, 祁士华, 张俊鹏, 姚慧丽, 王英辉, 袁道先.我国桂林毛村地下河重金属健康风险评价[J]. 环境化学, 2010,29(3): 392-396