引用本文:
张馨怡, 魏东斌, 杜宇国. 紫外-氯联合消毒处理及副产物生成特征研究进展[J]. 环境化学, 2018, 37(9): 1950-1960
ZHANG Xinyi, WEI Dongbin, DU Yuguo. Ultraviolet-chlorine combination disinfection and formation of disinfection by-products: A review[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2018, 37(9): 1950-1960

紫外-氯联合消毒处理及副产物生成特征研究进展
张馨怡1,2, 魏东斌1,2, 杜宇国1,2
1. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心, 环境化学与生态毒理学国家重点实验室, 北京, 100085;
2. 中国科学院大学, 北京, 100049
摘要:
消毒处理是杀灭水中病原微生物的最关键环节,经过上百年的发展,已研发出几十种消毒处理技术.紫外-氯联合消毒技术在杀灭病原微生物方面兼具紫外线消毒和氯消毒的优点,但因水中存在为数众多的化学物质,紫外线和氯的联合处理可能导致该过程比单独的紫外处理或氯化处理发生更加复杂的化学反应,生成种类更多、毒性较强的消毒副产物.本文在大量文献资料调研的基础上,对紫外-氯联合消毒的原理、主要毒性消毒副产物的生成机制、影响因素及消毒处理方法的优化等方面进行了比较全面的综述,并分析了当前紫外-氯联合消毒处理中存在的问题和面临的挑战.
关键词:    紫外-氯联合消毒    紫外辐射    氯化    消毒副产物    水处理   
Ultraviolet-chlorine combination disinfection and formation of disinfection by-products: A review
ZHANG Xinyi1,2, WEI Dongbin1,2, DU Yuguo1,2
1. State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, China;
2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China
Abstract:
Disinfection is a key technique to kill pathogenic microorganisms in water treatment process. Dozens of disinfection treatment technologies have been developed during the past hundred years. The ultraviolet-chlorine combination disinfection possesses advantages of both UV irradiation and chlorination in killing pathogens. However, there are plenty of chemical substances in water, and more toxic disinfection by-products may be produced owing to complex chemical reactions during the combination disinfection of UV irradiation and chlorination comparing with separate UV or chlorination disinfection. Based on the collection and analysis of previous references on UV-chlorine combination disinfection treatment, the principles of UV-chlorine combination disinfection, the formation mechanisms of major toxic disinfection by-products and related influencing factors, and the optimization of operational parameters are summarized. In addition, the issues and potential challenges in future disinfection are explored as well.
Key words:    ultraviolet-chlorine combination disinfection    UV irradiation    chlorination    disinfection by-products    water treatment   
收稿日期: 2017-11-13
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划课题(2016YFE0118800)和国家自然科学基金(21577154,21590814)资助.
魏东斌,Tel:010-62923539,E-mail:weidb@rcees.ac.cn
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