引用本文:
裴亮, 廖晓勇, 马栋. 组合液膜对土壤淋洗液中砷(As)的提取效果[J]. 环境化学, 2018, 37(9): 2002-2007
PEI Liang, LIAO Xiaoyong, MA Dong. Recovery of arsenic from soil leachate by composite liquid membrane[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2018, 37(9): 2002-2007

组合液膜对土壤淋洗液中砷(As)的提取效果
裴亮1, 廖晓勇2,3, 马栋2,4
1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室, 北京, 100101;
2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 环境损害与污染修复北京市重点实验室, 北京, 100101;
3. 中国科学院陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室, 北京, 100101;
4. 北京中科九州环境工程有限责任公司, 北京, 100192
摘要:
针对土壤淋洗液中重金属传统萃取及液膜提取方法效率低的问题,提出组合液膜来提高提取率.本研究采用双二-乙基已基磷酸(D2EDTPA)和磷酸三丁酯(TBP)互为协同提取剂的组合液膜提取技术对土壤淋洗液中砷(As)进行提取,考察了系统温度、组合池膜溶液提取剂与膜溶剂体积比(M1/M2)、组合相有机相与水相体积比(O/A)、组合相提取剂比例(VD2EDTPA/VTBP)对As3+和As5+提取率的影响.研究结果表明,组合提取剂与As形成络合物在液膜系统中传输,最佳提取条件为:系统温度在28-30℃左右、M1/M2为4:1、O/A为2:1、VD2EDTPA/VTBP为4:3.As3+和As5+起始浓度为5.45×10-4 mol·L-1和1.12×10-4 mol·L-1时,90 min最佳提取条件下提取率可达93.1%和82.7%.
关键词:    组合液膜        土壤淋洗液    协同提取剂    重金属   
Recovery of arsenic from soil leachate by composite liquid membrane
PEI Liang1, LIAO Xiaoyong2,3, MA Dong2,4
1. Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resource Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China;
2. Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmental Damage Assessment and Remediation, Beijing, 100101, China;
3. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China;
4. Beijing Zhongkejiuzhou Environmental Engineering Co., Ltd, Beijing, 100192, China
Abstract:
In order to improve the extraction efficiency of the traditional extraction and liquid film extraction method in soil leaching liquor, this paper proposed a combination liquid membrane to improve the extraction rate. A composite liquid membrane with bis 2-ethyl phosphoric acid (D2EDTPA) and tributyl phosphate(TBP) as synergistic extractant, was used to extract arsenic (As) in the soil leachate. Effects of the system water temperature, volume ratio of membrane solvent to solvent in the combined receiving pool (M1/M2), volume ratio of organic phase to aqueous phase in the composite phase(O/A) and extractant proportion of composite phase (VD2EDTPA/VTBP) on the extraction rate of As3+ and As5+ were investigated. The results showed that the synergistic extractants formed a complex with As and transported in the liquid membrane system. The optimum extraction conditions were the system temperature about 28-30℃, M1/M2 4:1, O/A 2:1 and VD2EDTPA/VTBP 4:3. At initial concentrations of As3+ and As5+ of 5.45×10-4 mol·L-1 and 1.12×10-4 mol·L-1, the extraction rate reached 93.1% and 82.7% under the optimum conditions.
Key words:    composite liquid membrane    arsenic    soil leachate    synergistic extractant agent    heavy metal   
收稿日期: 2017-10-30
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划(2017YFD0800900)和北京市科技计划(D16110900470000)资助.
裴亮,Tel:010-64889586,E-mail:peiliang@igsnrr.ac.cn
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