引用本文:
王娅南, 彭洁, 黄合田, 谭红, 张爱华, 杨鸿波, 郭峰, 何锦林. 贵阳市城市河流典型抗生素的分布特征[J]. 环境化学, 2018, 37(9): 2039-2048
WANG Ya, PENG Jie, HUANG Hetian, TAN Hong, ZHANG Aihua, YANG Hongbo, GUO Feng, HE Jinlin. Distribution characteristics of typical antibiotics in Urban Rivers of Guiyang City[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2018, 37(9): 2039-2048

贵阳市城市河流典型抗生素的分布特征
王娅南1, 彭洁1, 黄合田1, 谭红2, 张爱华1, 杨鸿波2, 郭峰3, 何锦林2
1. 贵州医科大学公共卫生学院, 贵阳, 550025;
2. 贵州省分析测试研究院, 贵阳, 550000;
3. 国家地质实验测试中心, 北京, 100037
摘要:
采用固相萃取和高效液相色谱-串联质谱法检测分析贵阳城市河流南明河地表水中7类40种典型抗生素的污染特征,并利用主成分分析(PCA)对其来源进行初步的分类与探讨.结果表明,南明河地表水中普遍检出抗生素,40种抗生素中共有34种检出,磺胺类平均浓度最高257 ng·L-1,其次为大环内酯类、喹诺酮类、林可霉素和氯唑西林、四环素类、氯霉素类、离子载体类,平均浓度分别为256、127、65.4、53.3、40.8、0.480 ng·L-1;南明河检出抗生素空间分布趋势呈现ρ下游(1496 ng·L-1) > ρ中游(694 ng·L-1) > ρ上游(123 ng·L-1);来源解析表明南明河地表水主要受到人用抗生素的污染.生活污水、医药废水是南明河抗生素污染的主要来源,其次是畜牧养殖业.
关键词:    贵阳    城市河流    地表水    抗生素    污染特征   
Distribution characteristics of typical antibiotics in Urban Rivers of Guiyang City
WANG Ya1, PENG Jie1, HUANG Hetian1, TAN Hong2, ZHANG Aihua1, YANG Hongbo2, GUO Feng3, HE Jinlin2
1. School of Public Health, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, 550025, China;
2. Guizhou Academy of Testing and Analysis, Guiyang, 550000, China;
3. National Research Center for Geoanalysis, Beijing, 100037, China
Abstract:
Fourty antibiotics belonging to 7 groups in the surface water of Nanming River in Guiyang City were detected using solid-phase extraction and high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. A preliminary classification and discussion of their pollution source were analyzed using principal components analysis (PCA). The results showed that antibiotics were commonly detected in the surface water of Nanming River and 34 antibiotics were detected. Sulfonamides presented the highest average concentration (257 ng·L-1) among all the antibiotics, followed by macrolides (256 ng·L-1), quinolones (127 ng·L-1), lincomycin and cloxacillin (65.4 ng·L-1), tetracyclines (53.3 ng·L-1), chloramphenicols (40.8 ng·L-1), and ionophores (0.480 ng·L-1). Spatial distribution of antibiotics detected in Nanming River showed that antibiotics concentrations in the downstream were higher than those in the midstream and upstream, with average concentrations of 1496 ng·L-1, 694 ng·L-1, 123 ng·L-1, respectively. Source analysis showed that the surface water in the Nanming River was mainly contaminated by human use. The domestic sewage and medicine wastewater were the main sources of antibiotic pollution in the Nanming River, following by animal husbandry.
Key words:    Guiyang    urban river    surface water    antibiotics    pollution characteristics   
收稿日期: 2018-04-17
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金青年科学基金(21507017)和中国科学院生态环境研究中心环境化学与生态毒理学国家重点实验室开放基金(KF2016-06,KF2016-21)资助.
谭红,E-mail:1178812570@qq.com
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