引用本文:
沈墨海, 王世华, 董文静, 谷超, 杨天芳, 吴培培, 孙丽芳, 孟雪洁, 李逍逍, 节建业, 海啸, 曹治国, 张鑫. 冬季河南省若干城市室内灰尘中重金属的健康风险[J]. 环境化学, 2018, 37(10): 2171-2180
SHEN Mohai, WANG Shihua, DONG Wenjing, GU Chao, YANG Tianfang, WU Peipei, SUN Lifang, MENG Xuejie, LI Xiaoxiao, JIE Jianye, HAI Xiao, CAO Zhiguo, ZHANG Xin. Pollution characteristics and health risks of heavy metals in indoor dust from Henan Province[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2018, 37(10): 2171-2180

冬季河南省若干城市室内灰尘中重金属的健康风险
沈墨海1, 王世华1, 董文静1, 谷超1, 杨天芳1, 吴培培1, 孙丽芳1, 孟雪洁1, 李逍逍1, 节建业1, 海啸1, 曹治国1,2, 张鑫1
1. 河南师范大学环境学院, 黄淮水环境污染与防治教育部重点实验室, 河南省环境污染控制重点实验室, 新乡, 453007;
2. 清华大学环境学院, 新兴有机污染物控制北京市重点实验室, 北京, 100084
摘要:
大气沉降是室内灰尘的重要来源.本研究于2017年1-2月采集了河南省12个城市的室内灰尘样品共48个,并按照取样城市的空间分布探讨了重金属(Ni、Cu、Zn、Mn、Co、Cr、As、Ag、Cd、Pb)污染的南北差异(以黄河为界).运用地积累指数法对其进行污染评价.应用美国EPA人体暴露风险模型进行健康风险评价.结果表明,豫南城市室内灰尘中重金属除Pb以外平均浓度均显著高于豫北城市.豫南城市重金属平均浓度表现为Zn > Mn > Cr > Ni > Pb > As > Cu > Co > Cd > Ag,浓度大小依次是306.7、249.2、223.3、116.9、55.7、41.6、30.3、7.0、1.8、1.3 mg·kg-1,而豫北城市重金属浓度表现为Zn > Mn > Pb > Cr > As > Ni > Cu > Co > Cd > Ag,浓度大小依次是200.7、179.4、85.4、48.7、22.9、22.1、21.4、4.4、2.6、0.7 mg·kg-1.地累积指数结果显示Cd在豫南和豫北城市均是重污染和极重污染,而Ag在豫南城市是重污染和极重污染.豫南城市室内灰尘中4种致癌重金属的致癌风险大小依次为Cr > As > Ni > Cd,6种非致癌重金属的非致癌风险大小依次为Zn > Mn > Cu > Pb > Co > Ag;豫北城市室内灰尘中致癌重金属的致癌风险依次为Cr > As > Ni > Cd,非致癌重金属的非致癌风险依次为Zn > Mn > Pb > Cu > Co > Ag.
关键词:    室内灰尘    重金属    污染评价    大气沉降    健康风险    河南省   
Pollution characteristics and health risks of heavy metals in indoor dust from Henan Province
SHEN Mohai1, WANG Shihua1, DONG Wenjing1, GU Chao1, YANG Tianfang1, WU Peipei1, SUN Lifang1, MENG Xuejie1, LI Xiaoxiao1, JIE Jianye1, HAI Xiao1, CAO Zhiguo1,2, ZHANG Xin1
1. Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Control of Henan Province, Institute of Environment and Environment, Henan Normal University, Xinxian, 453007, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Environmental Control of Emerging Organic Pollutants, School of Environmental Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China
Abstract:
Atmospheric deposition is an important source of indoor dust. In this study, a total of 48 indoor dust samples from 12 cities in Henan Province were collected and the pollution characteristics of heavy metals (Ni、Cu、Zn、Mn、Co、Cr、As、Ag、Cd、Pb) were investigated, according to the spatial distribution of the sampling cities (bounded by the Yellow River). Geo-accumulation index was used to evaluate the contamination level of heavy metals, and human health risk assessment was conducted by means of the USEPA model. The results showed that the average concentrations of heavy metals in the urban indoor dust of sourthern Henan was significantly higher than those for the northern Henan cities. The concentrations of heavy metals in the cities of southern Henan are in the order of Zn > Mn > Cr > Ni > Pb > As > Cu > Co > Cd > Ag, and that of northern Henan ranked Zn > Mn > Pb > Cr > As > Ni > Cu > Co > Cd > Ag. The results of the cumulative index indicated that Cd was heavily polluted in the southern and northern Henan cities, and Ag in the southern Henan cities was also heavily polluted. The carcinogenic risk of the four carcinogenic heavy metals in the cities of sourthern Henan was in the order of Cr > As > Ni > Cd, and the non-carcinogenic risk of the six non-carcinogenic heavy metals was in the order of Zn > Mn > Cu > Pb > Co > Ag. The carcinogenic risk of carcinogenic heavy metals in the cities of northern Henan ranked as Cr > As > Ni > Cd. The non-carcinogenic risk of non-carcinogenic heavy metals was sorted by Zn > Mn > Pb > Cu > Co > Ag.
Key words:    indoor dust    heavy metals    pollution assessment    atmospheric sedimentation    health risks    Henan Province   
收稿日期: 2017-11-23
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(21607038),中国博士后科学基金(2015M570629,2016T90668),河南师范大学科学基金(5101219279007),河南师范大学国家级项目培育基金(5101219170802)和河南省高等学校重点科研项目(5201219140017)资助.
曹治国,Tel:0373-3325971,E-mail:wq11ab@163.com;张鑫,E-mail:zx_htu@163.com
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