引用本文:
王燕云, 林承奇, 黄华斌, 胡恭任, 郝春莉, 陈枫桦. 福建九龙江流域水稻土重金属污染评价及生态风险[J]. 环境化学, 2018, 37(12): 2800-2808
WANG Yanyun, LIN Chengqi, HUANG Huabin, HU Gongren, HAO Chunli, CHEN Fenghua. Pollution assessment and ecological risk of heavy metals in the paddy soils of Jiulong River basin[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2018, 37(12): 2800-2808

福建九龙江流域水稻土重金属污染评价及生态风险
王燕云1, 林承奇1, 黄华斌1,2, 胡恭任2, 郝春莉1, 陈枫桦1
1. 厦门华厦学院检验科学与技术系, 厦门, 361024;
2. 华侨大学环境科学与工程系, 厦门, 361021
摘要:
为研究九龙江流域水稻土中重金属污染及生态风险,采用电感耦合等离子体质谱法(ICP-MS)和原子荧光光谱法(AFS)分析测定了九龙江流域农田土壤中22种重金属的含量.运用地质累积指数法、潜在生态风险指数法和次生相与原生相分布比值法评价重金属污染特征及潜在生态风险.结果表明,九龙江流域水稻土中除Ni和Mo元素外,其余重金属的总平均含量均超过福建省土壤元素背景值.Cd、Pb、Mn、Hg和Cu的生物有效态含量较高,分别占总量的66.86%、59.20%、55.90%、53.73%和52.18%,说明这些元素较易迁移且对农作物具有较高潜在生物毒性.结合3种评价方法结果表明,九龙江流域水稻土已受到Cd的中度污染和Hg、Pb、Sr、As、Co、Zn、Cu、Mn、Se的轻度污染.水稻土中重金属存在较高的综合潜在生态风险,其中Cd为高潜在生态风险,Hg为较高潜在生态风险,两者对综合潜在生态风险的贡献率分别为57.0%和25.1%.Cd和Hg,应作为九龙江流域水稻土质量评价的重点关注对象.
关键词:    水稻土    重金属    污染评价    生物有效性    九龙江流域   
Pollution assessment and ecological risk of heavy metals in the paddy soils of Jiulong River basin
WANG Yanyun1, LIN Chengqi1, HUANG Huabin1,2, HU Gongren2, HAO Chunli1, CHEN Fenghua1
1. Department of Science and Technology for Inspection, Xiamen Huaxia University, Xiamen, 361024, China;
2. Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Huaqiao University, Xiamen, 361021, China
Abstract:
To evaluate the contamination and ecological risk of heavy metals in the paddy soils of Jiulong River basin, the concentrations of twenty-two heavy metals were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and atomic fluorescence spectrometry (AFS). Geo-accumulation index (Igeo), potential ecological risk index (RI) and ratio of secondary phase to primary phase (RSP) were applied to evaluate the pollution degree and potential ecological risk of heavy metals. The results showed that the concentrations of heavy metals (except Ni and Mn) exceeded the background values of Fujian Province. The proportions of the bioavailable fractions of Cd, Pb, Mn, Hg and Cu were high (66.86%, 59.20%, 55.90%, 53.73% and 52.18%, respectively), indicating that these elements were more mobile and had higher risk to the crops. The results of three evaluation methods showed that the paddy soils of Jiulong River basin were moderate pollutedly by Cd and mildly polluted by Hg, Pb, Sr, As, Co, Zn, Cu, Mn and Se. The heavy metals in the paddy soils of Jiulong River basin had considerate comprehensive potential ecological risk. Cd and Hg contributed 57.0% and 25.1% rate of comprehensive potential ecological risk, respectively. Therefore, Cd and Hg should become the targets of heavy metals in the evaluation of paddy soil quality of Jiulong River basin.
Key words:    paddy soil    heavy metals    pollution assessment    bioavailability    Jiulong River basin   
收稿日期: 2018-07-06
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(21777049,21377042),黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室开放基金(SKLLQG1607)和福建省中青年教师教育科研项目(JT180783,JT180785)资助.
黄华斌,Tel:13400699836,E-mail:hhb@hxxy.edu.cn
相关功能
PDF(KB) Free
打印本文
加入收藏夹
把本文推荐给朋友
作者相关文章
王燕云  在本刊中的所有文章
林承奇  在本刊中的所有文章
黄华斌  在本刊中的所有文章
胡恭任  在本刊中的所有文章
郝春莉  在本刊中的所有文章
陈枫桦  在本刊中的所有文章

参考文献:
[1] 王蕊, 陈明, 陈楠,等. 基于总量及形态的土壤重金属生态风险评价对比:以龙岩市适中镇为例[J]. 环境科学, 2017, 38(10):4348-4359. WANG R, CHEN M, CHEN N, et al. Comparison of ecological risk assessment based on the total amount and speciation distribution of heavy metals in soil:a case study for Longyan City, Fujian Province[J]. Environmental Science, 2017, 38(10):4348-4359(in Chinese).
[2] 王玉军, 刘存, 周东美,等. 客观地看待我国耕地土壤环境质量的现状——关于《全国土壤污染状况调查公报》中有关问题的讨论和建议[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2014, 33(8):1465-1473. WANG Y J, LIU C, ZHOU D M, et al. A critical view on the status quo of the garmland soil environmental quality in China:discussion and suggestion of relevant issues on report on the national general survey of soil contamination[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 2014, 33(8):1465-1473(in Chinese).
[3] 李科, 丁晴晴, 傅珊. 太原市土壤重金属污染空间分布及评价[J]. 环境化学, 2015, 34(4):772-778. LI K, DING Q Q, FU S. Spatial distribution and assessment of heavy metals from the soil of different functional areas in Taiyuan City[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2015, 34(4):772-778(in Chinese).
[4] CHEN H Y, TENG Y G, LU S J, et al. Contamination features and health risk of soil heavy metals in China[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2015, 512:143-153.
[5] 张小敏, 张秀英, 钟太洋,等. 中国农田土壤重金属富集状况及其空间分布研究[J]. 环境科学, 2014, 35(2):692-703. ZHANG X M, ZHANG X Y, ZHONG T Y, et al. Spatial distribution and accumulation of heavy metal in arable land soil of China[J]. Environmental Science, 2014, 35(2):692-703(in Chinese).
[6] KRISHNA A K, MOHAN K R. Distribution, correlation, ecological and health risk assessment of heavy metal contamination in surface soils around an industrial area, Hyderabad, India[J]. Environmental Earth Sciences, 2016, 75(5):1-17.
[7] 谷阳光, 高富代. 我国省会城市土壤重金属含量分布与健康风险评价[J]. 环境化学, 2017, 36(1):62-71. GU Y G, GAO F D. Spatial distribution and health risk assessment of heavy metals in provincial capital cities, China[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2017, 36(1):62-71(in Chinese).
[8] HUANG Y, LI T Q, WU C X, et al. An integrated approach to assess heavy metal source apportionment in peri-urban agricultural soils[J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2015, 299:540-549.
[9] 王小莉, 陈志凡, 魏张东,等. 开封市城乡交错区农田土壤重金属污染及潜在生态风险评价[J]. 环境化学, 2018, 37(3):513-522. WANG X L, CHEN Z F, WEI Z D, et al. Heavy metal pollution and potential ecological risk assessment in agricultural soils located in the peri-urban area of Kaifeng City[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2018, 37(3):513-522(in Chinese).
[10] KELEPERTZIS E. Accumulation of heavy metals in agricultural soils of Mediterranean:Insights from Argolida basin, Peloponnese, Greece[J]. Geoderma, 2014, 221-222(27):82-90.
[11] KENNOU B, MERAY M E, ROMANE A, et al. Assessment of heavy metal availability (Pb, Cu, Cr, Cd, Zn) and speciation in contaminated soils and sediment of discharge by sequential extraction[J]. Environmental Earth Sciences, 2015, 74(7):5849-5858.
[12] MINKINA T, NEVIDOMSKAYA D, BAUER T, et al. Determining the speciation of Zn in soils around the sediment ponds of chemical plants by XRD and XAFS spectroscopy and sequential extraction[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2018, 634:1165-1173.
[13] MVLLER G. Index of geoaccumulation in sediments of the Rhine River[J]. Geojournal, 1969, 2:108-118.
[14] HAKANSON L. An ecological risk index for aquatic pollution control. a sedimentological approach[J]. Water Research, 1980, 14(8):975-986.
[15] 陈静生, 董林, 邓宝山, 等. 铜在沉积物各相中分配的实验模拟与数值模拟研究-以鄱阳湖为例[J]. 环境科学学报, 1987, 7(2):140-149. CHEN J S, DONG L, DENG B S, et al. Modeling study on copper partitioning in sediments, a case study of Poyang Lake[J]. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 1987, 7(2):140-149(in Chinese).
[16] TRUJILLO-GONZÁLEZ J M, TORRES-MORA M A, KEESSTRA S, et al. Heavy metal accumulation related to population density in road dust samples taken from urban sites under different land uses[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2016, 553, 636-642.
[17] 陈穗玲, 李锦文, 陈南, 等. 福建沿海地区不同区域稻田土壤重金属元素富集特征与环境质量评价[J]. 中国环境监测, 2013, 29(2):34-40. CHEN S L, LI J W, CHEN N, et al. Fujian coastal areas in different regions of paddy soil heavy metal elements enrichment characteristics and assessment of environmental quality[J]. Environmental Monitoring in China, 2013, 29(2):34-40(in Chinese).
[18] 李精精. 福建九龙江流域产业结构的水环境污染效应[J]. 亚热带水土保持, 2017, 29(1):7-11. LI J J. Pollution effects to water-environment of the industry structure in the Jiulong River watershed of Fujian Province[J]. Subtropical Soil and Water Conservation, 2017, 29(1):7-11(in Chinese).
[19] LIN C Q, YU R L, HU G R, et al. Contamination and isotopic composition of Pb and Sr in offshore surface sediments from Jiulong River, Southeast China[J]. Environmental Pollution, 2016, 218:644-650.
[20] 林承奇, 胡恭任, 于瑞莲. 九龙江和厦门西港近岸表层沉积物中汞的赋存形态及生态风险评价[J]. 环境化学, 2016, 35(4):749-756. LIN C Q, HU G R, YU R L. Speciation and ecological risk of mercury in the nearshore surface sediments from Jiulong River and Western Xiamen Bay[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2016, 35(4):749-756(in Chinese).
[21] 洪华生, 黄金良, 曹文志. 九龙江流域农业非点源污染机理与控制研究[M]. 北京:科学出版社, 2009:12-18. HONG H S, HUANG J L, CAO W Z. Mechanism and control of agricultural non-point source pollution in the Jiulong River Watershed[M]. Beijing:Science Press, 2009:12-18(in Chinese).
[22] 王斐, 黄益宗, 王小玲,等. 江西钨矿周边土壤重金属生态风险评价:不同评价方法的比较[J]. 环境化学, 2015, 34(2):225-233. WANG F, HUANG Y Z, WANG X L, et al. Ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in surrounding soils of tungsten ores:Comparison of different evaluation methods[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2015, 34(2):225-233(in Chinese).
[23] 陈振金,陈春秀,刘用清,等.福建省土壤环境背景值研究[J]. 环境科学, 1992, 13(4):70-75. CHEN Z J, CHEN C X, LIU Y Q, et al. Study of soil environmental background values in Fujian Province[J]. Chinese Journal of Environmental Science, 1992,13(4):70-75(in Chinese).
[24] 徐争启,倪师军,庹先国,等.潜在生态危害指数法评价中重金属毒性系数计算[J]. 环境科学与技术, 2008,31(2):112-115. XU Z Q, NI S J, TUO X G, et al. Calculation of heavy metals' toxicity coefficient in the evaluation of potential ecological risk index[J]. Environmental Science and Technology, 2008, 31(2):112-115(in Chinese).
[25] 林承奇, 胡恭任, 于瑞莲,等. 九龙江近岸表层沉积物重金属污染评价及来源解析[J]. 中国环境科学, 2016, 36(4):1218-1225. LIN C Q, HU G R, YU R L, et al. Pollution assessment and source analysis of heavy metals in offshore surface sediments from Jiulong River[J]. China Environmental Science, 2016, 36(4):1218-1225(in Chinese).
[26] 林承奇, 胡恭任, 于瑞莲,等. 九龙江表层沉积物重金属赋存形态及生态风险[J]. 环境科学, 2017, 38(3):1002-1009. LIN C Q, HU G R, YU R L, et al. Speciation and ecological risk of heavy metals in surface sediments from Jiulong River[J]. Environmental Science, 2017, 38(3):1002-1009(in Chinese).
[27] 代勇, 李章平, 李燕燕,等. 重庆市主城区街道灰尘重金属的污染特征分析[J]. 环境化学, 2015, 34(1):188-189. DAI Y, LI Z P, LI Y Y, et al. Analysis on pollution characteristics of heavy metals in street dust in main urban area of Chongqing City[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2015, 34(1):188-189(in Chinese).
相关文献:
1.沈墨海, 董文静, 王梦蕾, 杨帅, 杨天芳, 唐连峰, 任浩, 吴培培, 孙丽芳, 王世华, 曹治国, 席本野.道路灰尘中重金属的污染特征及其与道路等级的关系——以北京和郑州为例[J]. 环境化学, 2018,37(5): 942-951
2.罗婷, 丁颖, 孙健雄, 邹伟民, 周峰.江苏苏北湿地土壤重金属污染特征及评价[J]. 环境化学, 2018,37(5): 984-993
3.黄华斌, 林承奇, 于瑞莲, 胡恭任, 江嵩鹤, 邱其俊.安溪铁观音茶园土壤重金属分布及污染评价[J]. 环境化学, 2018,37(5): 994-1001
4.沈墨海, 王世华, 董文静, 谷超, 杨天芳, 吴培培, 孙丽芳, 孟雪洁, 李逍逍, 节建业, 海啸, 曹治国, 张鑫.冬季河南省若干城市室内灰尘中重金属的健康风险[J]. 环境化学, 2018,37(10): 2171-2180
5.黄翔峰, 叶广宇, 穆天帅, 陆丽君, 彭开铭, 付丹, 刘佳.污泥厌氧消化过程中重金属稳定性研究进展[J]. 环境化学, 2017,36(9): 2005-2014
6.赵莉斯, 于瑞莲, 胡恭任, 王珊珊, 温先华, 刘贤荣.厦门市大气降尘中重金属形态分布及生物有效性[J]. 环境化学, 2017,36(4): 805-811
7.肖冬冬, 史正涛, 苏斌, 冯泽波.滇池宝象河表层沉积物重金属含量空间分布特征及污染评价[J]. 环境化学, 2017,36(12): 2719-2728
8.谢晓君, 王方园, 王光军, 范宏, 李欲如, 梅荣武, 叶佳颖.浙江中部经济发达区域流域重金属污染调查与分析[J]. 环境化学, 2017,36(7): 1547-1555
9.韩秀凤, 卢新卫.包头市公园及广场灰尘中重金属污染特征[J]. 环境化学, 2016,35(12): 2606-2614
10.武家园, 方凤满, 林跃胜, 徐明露.淮南市校园灰尘重金属污染特征及生物有效性[J]. 环境化学, 2016,35(7): 1346-1353
11.叶宏萌, 李国平, 郑茂钟, 袁旭音, 常雪花.武夷山茶园土壤中五种重金属的化学形态和生物有效性[J]. 环境化学, 2016,35(10): 2071-2078
12.胡鑫, 罗真华, 晏哲, 谢会雅, 周毅, 彭亮, 曾清如.湖南某植烟土壤重金属含量及其生态风险评价[J]. 环境化学, 2015,34(6): 1064-1071
13.张晨晨, 胡恭任, 于瑞莲, 刘越.晋江感潮河段沉积物重金属的赋存形态与生物有效性[J]. 环境化学, 2015,34(3): 505-513
14.陈小敏, 朱保虎, 杨文, 季宏兵.密云水库上游金矿区土壤重金属空间分布、来源及污染评价[J]. 环境化学, 2015,34(12): 2248-2256
15.杨刚, 李燕, 巫林, 谢丽苹, 伍钧.成都平原表层水稻土重金属污染健康风险分析[J]. 环境化学, 2014,33(2): 269-275
16.周浓, 肖国生, 郭冬琴, 张德全, 杨强丽, 梁雪.大理市花甸坝药材栽培基地土壤及中药材中重金属含量状况及评价[J]. 环境化学, 2014,33(2): 363-364
17.范拴喜.宝鸡市长青镇冶炼厂周围土壤重金属分布特征与污染评价[J]. 环境化学, 2014,33(5): 861-862
18.甘国娟, 刘伟, 邱亚群, 李科林, 侯红波, 彭佩钦, 廖柏寒.湘中某冶炼区农田土壤重金属污染及生态风险评价[J]. 环境化学, 2013,32(1): 132-138
19.焦伟, 卢少勇, 牛勇, 周俊宇.环太湖河流沉积物中生物有效态重金属分布[J]. 环境化学, 2013,32(12): 2315-2320
20.徐玮, 吕宾, 储金宇, 吴春笃, 周晓红, 蔡裕领, 韦媛媛 .镇江市老城区不同功能区地表灰尘重金属污染评价 [J]. 环境化学, 2012,31(2): 182-188
21.刘峰, 胡继伟, 吴迪, 秦樊鑫, 李存雄, 黄先飞, 金梅.基于形态学分析红枫湖沉积物中重金属的分布特征及污染评价[J]. 环境化学, 2011,30(2): 440-446
22.梅凡民, 徐朝友, 周亮.西安市公园大气降尘中Cu、Pb、Zn、Ni、Cd的化学形态特征及其生物有效性[J]. 环境化学, 2011,30(7): 1284-1290
23.梁镇海, 陈翠翠, 韩玉兰, 成昌顺, 罗玉, 续卫国, 陈启斌, 任所才.基于模糊数学的太原市敦化灌区污灌土壤重金属污染评价[J]. 环境化学, 2010,29(6): 1152-1157
24.余江, 黄志勇, 陈婷, 秦德萍.福建省菜园土壤重金属的含量及其污染评价[J]. 环境化学, 2009,28(6): 934-939
25.徐仁扣, 肖双成, 赵安珍.基于Zeta电位的水稻土吸附Pb(Ⅱ)和Cd(Ⅱ)能力的比较[J]. 环境化学, 2008,27(6): 742-745
26.邵学新, 黄标, 赵永存, 孙维侠, 严连香, 顾志权, 钱卫飞.长江三角洲典型地区土壤中重金属的污染评价[J]. 环境化学, 2008,27(2): 218-221
27.范文宏, 陈俊, 王琼.胡敏酸对沉积物中重金属形态分布的影响[J]. 环境化学, 2007,26(2): 224-227
28.<环境化学学科新动向调研>小组.环境化学研究和可持续发展[J]. 环境化学, 1998,17(1): 1-7